A Detailed Synopsis Of Molar Pregnancy

A Detailed Synopsis Of Molar Pregnancy


Pregnancy is the most precious moment of a woman’s life but sometimes due to underlying health conditions, the egg and sperm cannot fertilize properly. If the sperm and egg join incorrectly during fertilization then it can lead to a molar pregnancy, where multiple fluid-filled cysts develop in the uterus instead of a placenta.

Molar pregnancies are often considered a form of gestational trophoblastic disease that leads to a miscarriage in most cases. You may contact the best test tube baby doctor in Siliguri to attain a healthy pregnancy if you have advanced age and a history of multiple molar pregnancies. 

Given below is a detailed guide about the common causes, symptoms, complications, diagnosis, and treatment options for molar pregnancy. 


Molar pregnancies are of two types such as complete and partial molar pregnancy. In complete molar pregnancy, no embryo develops in the uterus and the main cause behind it is the absence mother’s set of chromosomes. The only 23 pairs of chromosomes from the father cannot make the pregnancy successful. 

In the case of partial molar pregnancy, both the father's and mother’s chromosomes are present but instead of one, two sperm fertilize the egg. This makes the chromosome count 69, where the requirement is just 46. These genetic errors are the main reason behind molar pregnancy.


At first, most of the molar pregnancies may feel like a normal pregnancy. Gradually, you start to develop certain distressing symptoms which may include passing grapelike cysts from the vagina, unusual vaginal bleeding, severe pelvic pain, and severe nausea. 

If the molar pregnancy is not detected during the initial three months then it may cause serious signs such as ovarian cysts, preeclampsia, uterine swelling, high levels of HCG, and an overactive thyroid. To reduce the risks of this pregnancy, you can contact the best IVF specialist in Siliguri. 


There are high chance that some parts of the molar pregnancy will be still in your uterus even after the surgery. This can lead to certain complications such as the growth of abnormal cells around the uterus, which is known as invasive mole. 

In some cases, one can also develop choriocarcinoma which can be treated with chemotherapy and other cancer treatments. Some of the other complications include uterine infection, sepsis, and preeclampsia.


The most effective methods for diagnosing a molar pregnancy are an ultrasound and a sonogram. These methods can detect any absence of amniotic fluid, embryo, and placenta. A cystic placenta spotted during the ultrasound can also determine a molar pregnancy. 

In certain cases, the doctor can also recommend undergoing some blood tests, which may include measuring the HCG levels. After getting the results of these tests, the doctor can confirm a treatment option. 


If the woman has not undergone a miscarriage during molar pregnancy, then the method of dilation and curettage can be done to remove all the abnormal tissues. Sometimes a surgical removal or hysteroscopy can also be done to cure a molar pregnancy. 

To avoid any further molar pregnancies, you can seek the guidance of the best test tube baby doctor in Siliguri. The doctor will not only determine the underlying causes behind the issues but also adopt the best treatment options to eliminate any further genetic errors disrupting fertilization. 

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